cells

Question Answer
what do blood cells do? carry food and oxygen around the body
what do muscle cells do? muscle cells assist with movement
what do nerve cells do? send messages from the brain.
what do skin cells do? cover us and keep out infections
what do sperm and egg cells do? combine to create new humans.
how many specialised cells are in the human body? approximately 200
what is another name for a single celled organism? unicellular
what do cells form? tissue
what do groups of tissue make up? organs

science questions

Question Answer
what is the centre of the earth called? it is called the core
energy can die? false
energy is transformed in many ways? true
geothermal is a form of energy? true
what is it called when you rub a balloon on carpet and then rub it on your head? static electricity
what do you put on a roof that uses the sun to create energy? solar panels
explain what non-renewable energy is? energy that cannot be used again
list the 2 main types of energy? potential and kinetic

Here you will be learning everything to do with Physical Changes

Question Answer
What are the Physical Properties? Ability to Stretch, Mass, Volume, Ability to reshape, Bend, Break
What are Physical Changes? Changes that do not change the substance into something new.
What does it mean to melt something? To turn a solid into a liquid by gaining heat and making particles move faster. Example: Turning ice into water.
What does it mean to boil something? To turn a liquid into a gas by gaining heat and making particles move faster. Example: Example: Boiling water for pasta.
What does it mean for something to be under sublimation? To turn a solid into a gas by gaining heat and making particles move faster. Example: Dry ice.
What does it mean for something to be under condensation? To turn a gas into a liquid by losing heat and making particles move slower. Example: Getting water on the outside of your lemonade cup.
What does it mean for something to be under evaporation? To turn a liquid to a gas by gaining heat and making particle move faster. Example: Having water turn into water vapor.
What does it mean to freeze something? To turn a liquid to a solid by losing heat and making particles move slower. Example: Turning water into ice.

life science

Term Definition
heredity Heredity is the passing of traits to offspring from its parents or ancestor. This is the process by which an offspring cell or organism acquires or becomes predisposed to the characteristics of its parent cell or organism
hybrid the offspring of two plants or animals of different species or varieties, such as a mule (a hybrid of a donkey and a horse)
puredred (of an animal) bred from parents of the same breed or variety.
trait a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person
offspring a person's child or children
gene (in informal use) a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring
alleles
dominant
raessive
homozygous
heterozygous
genotype
meiosis
haploid
diploid
mutation
insertion
deletion
subsitution
sex-linked genes
carrier
sex chromosomes
genetic disorder
pedigree
selective breeding
inbreeding
hybridization
clone
genetic engineering
gene therapy

vocab

Term Definition
polaris the polestar or North pole, a star of the second magnitude situated close to the north pole of the heavens, in the constellation Ursa Minor: the outermost star in handle of the little dipper
latitude distance north or south from the equator measured in degrees
longitude distance measured by degrees or time east or west from the prime meridian
ellipse an oval-shaped closed curve: the shape of a planet's orbit
summer solstice the solstice on or about June 21st that marks the beginning of the summer in the Northern Hemisphere
winter solstice the solstice on or about December 21st that marks the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere
equinox the time when the sun crosses the plane of the earth's equator, making night and day of approximately equal length all over the earth and occurring about March 21

Plant parts and photosynthesis

Question Answer
The cells that move the water from the roots to the leaves xylem
The green pigment found in chloroplasts that attract the sun's energy chlorophyll
Tiny holes underneath a leaf where carbon dioxide enters and oxygen leaves the leaf stomata
A carrot is an example of this kind of root tap root
The process of food making in a plant photosynthesis
The disk-like parts in a leaf that contain chlorophyll chloroplasts
The name of the food produced by a plant glucose
The part of the plant brings water into the plant roots
The plant part that takes water from the roots to the leaves stem
Grass is an example of this kind of root fibrous
The gas given off during photosynthesis as a waste product oxygen
Food is made in this part of the plant leaves
Cells that carry the food that is made in the leaves to the other parts of the plant phloem
The three things needed for photosynthesis to take place sun, water, carbon dioxide
The gas needed for photosynthesis to take place carbon dioxide
The main energy source for plants sunlight

Science Exam Study- Heat, light, sound energy

Question Answer
What are three types of energy? 1)Light 2)Heat 3)Sound
How does light travel? A) light travels in a straight line.
What are bioluminescent creature? A) Amimals that produce their oun light. eg; fireflies, anglerfish etc.
How does reflection occur? A) Relfection occurs when light bounces off a surface.
What is the name given to objects that generate light and heat? A) Incandessent. eg; light globes etc
With out what can sound not travel with out? A) Air
How is sound produced? A) through creating vibrations and pasing them through the air.
Which travels faster Light or sound? A) Light travels faster than sound?
Why do we hear sound? A) Because somthing as caused our ear drums to vibrate.
Sound travels at how many metres persecond at 20oc A) 343 metres.
Heat energy can increases the a)temperature, b)length, c) weight, of a substance. A) Temperature
How does heat travel? Give the three ways A) Conduction, Convection, Radiation.
What Is conduction? A) conduction occurs when partical pass on the vibrations along (eg: metal rod).
What is Covection? A) This involes Gases and Water.
List Five good heat conductors. A) 1.Steel 2.cooper 3.gold 4.water 5. Air.
'Hot Air Rises' True or false? A) True

Grade 5 Life Science- Animal Growth and Heredity

Question Answer
the stages that a living thing passes through as it grows and changes life cycle
the process by which most cells divide mitosis
a threadlike structure in the nucleus, made up of DNA chromosome
When an egg turns into a caterpillar, then into a pupa, and then finally into a moth life cycle
Growing new skin after being scraped or burned regeneration
During mitosis, what is the first action completed by the chromosomes? duplicate, double, or copy
During mitosis what is the second action of the chromosomes? separate
As a result of meiosis, gametes are formed with how many chromosomes as the body cell originally had? half
Most body cells divide and produce what type of copy? exact
a characteristic passed from parents to their offspring inherited trait
a trait that appears even if an organism has only one factor for the trait dominant trait
the part of a chromosome that contains the DNA code for an inherited trait gene
An arctic fox has white fur in winter to help it survive. What is that an example of? adaptation
Adam can roll his tongue. His brother Lee cannot. Why? Adam has a dominant factor for tongue rolling
a behavior that an organism inherits instinct
a behavior that an animal acquires through experience learned behavior
all the living and nonliving things that surround and affect an organism environment
What is a cat spending more time sleeping than being awake an example of? instinct
If an animal’s home was destroyed by a wildfire. What factor has changed that may cause it to need to find a new place to live? environment
A mouse is sent through a maze to find a food treat three times. The mouse is slow through the maze at first but by the end the mouse heads straight to the food. How does the mouse use both instinct and learned behavior to run through the maze? The instinct to eat makes the mouse search through the maze to find the food. Practice helps it to learn how to find the food more quickly each time it runs the maze.

Historical model of solar system

Term Definition
Elliptical using or involving ellipsis, especially so as to be difficult to understand.
Geocentric earth centered
Gravitational force he force of attraction between all masses in the universe; especially the attraction of the earth's mass for bodies near its surface; "the more remote the body the less the gravity"; "the gravitation between two bodies is proportional to the product of th
Heliocentric sun centered
Moon the natural satellite of the earth, visible (chiefly at night) by reflected light from the sun.
Orbit the path that a body follows as it travels around another body in space
Planet A relatively large spherical body that orbits a star
Solar system The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel around it
Parallax An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed from different locations.