Flash Cards

Procedures, variables, and steps of scientific experimentation

Term Definition
HYPOTHESIS An educated guess about the results of a scientific experiment.
WELL-DEFINED QUESTIONS Questions about the natural world that involve experimentation, observations, analyzing results, and produce measurable results.
MATERIALS A list of required resources/tools to be used in an experiment.
INDEPENDENT VARIABLE (MANIPULATED) The one variable that is purposely changed during an experiment.
DEPENDENT VARIABLE (RESPONDING) The variable that you measure in an experiment and what is affected during the experiment. The dependent variable responds to the independent variable.
CONTROLS Variables that are not changed (remain constant) during an experiment.
EXPERIMENT Test your hypothesis by using your materials and a step-by-step procedures. Make detailed quantitative and qualitative observations.
QUANTITATIVE OBSERVATIONS Observations using instruments or tools such as a ruler, balance, or thermometer. Measured/counted.
QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS Observations using your senses (sight, smell, touch, taste, and hearing). Described.
ANALYZE DATA Using your observations to create charts, graphs, and tables that illustrated your experiment results.
DRAWING CONCLUSIONS A reasoned deduction or final results of your experiment. What your hypothesis correct? What future experiments could you conduct? What did you learn from your experiment?
PUBLISHING RESULTS Communicating your scientific findings to others.

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