Flash Cards

AP Psych Neurotransmitters/Drugs

Question Answer
Acetylcholine: Excitatory or Inhibitory? Excitatory
Dopamine: Excitatory or Inhibitory? Inhibitory
Serotonin: Excitatory or Inhibitory? Inhibitory
Norepinephrine: Excitatory or Inhibitory? Excitatory
GABA: Excitatory or Inhibitory? Inhibitory
Glutamate: Excitatory or Inhibitory? Excitatory
Substance P: Excitatory or Inhibitory? Excitatory
Endorphins: Excitatory or Inhibitory? Inhibitory
Acetylcholine: Function? muscle action (contraction in heart), learning, memory
Dopamine: Function? influence movement, learning, attention, emotion (pleasurable sensations)
Serotonin: Function? affects mood, hunger, sleep, arousal
Norepinephrine: Function? alertness and arousal
Glutamate: Function? involved in memory, counterpart to GABA
Endorphins: Function? response to pain and vigorous excercise, body's natural painkillers
Substance P: Function? Works in opposition to endorphins to regular pain
Acetylcholine: Excess/Undersupply over stimulation of muscles (spasms)/Alzheimer's
Dopamine: Excess/Undersupply Schizophrenia/Parkinson's
Serotonin: Excess/Undersupply seen in autism/depression
Norepinephrine: Excess/Undersupply anxiety/depress mood
GABA: Excess/Undersupply sleep issues/seizures, tremors, insomnia
Glutamate: Excess/Undersupply overstimulate brain (migraines or seizures)/ N.A.
Endorphins: Excess/Undersupply on edge (fight or flight for small events)/body pain
Substance P: Excess/Undersupply sleep interference, anxiety/body cannot feel pain
Acetylcholine: Substances that Affect the Actions of the Neurotransmitter nicotine, blakw widow spider venom, botulism toxin, curare, atropine
Dopamine: Substances that Affect the Actions of the Neurotransmitter cocaine, amphetamine, methylphenidate (ritalin), alcohol
Seratonin: Substances that Affect the Actions of the Neurotransmitter fluxetine (prozac), hallucinogenics
Norepinephrine: Substances that Affect the Actions of the Neurotransmitter tricyclic antidepressants, beta blockers
GABA: Substances that Affect the Actions of the Neurotransmitter barbituates, minor tranquilizers (valium), alcohol
Endorphins: Substances that Affect the Actions of the Neurotransmitter opiates (opium, heroin, morphine, methadone)
Substance P: Substances that Affect the Actions of the Neurotransmitter pain management drugs
Which drugs increase the number of impulses? nicotine, alcohol, opiates (increased neurotransmitter release)
Which drugs release the neurotransmitter from vesicles with our without impulses? amphetamines, methamphetamines (increased neurotransmitter release)
Which drugs release more neurotransmitter in response to an impulse? nicotine (increased neurotransmitter release)
Which drugs block reuptake? cocaine, amphetamine (more neurotransmitter present in synaptic cleft)
which drugs block receptors with another molecule? LSD, caffeine (no change in amount of neurotransmitter released, or neurotransmitter cannot bind to is receptor of post-synaptic neuron)




Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*
*