Flash Cards

Williamson Chapter 4 cell reproduction

Term Definition
asexual the type of reproduction that produces a new organism with identical chromosomes of those of the parent organism.
genes sections of DNA that contain instructions for producing specific proteins.
RNA Nucleic acid carrying the information needed to make proteins
chromosome structure in a cells nucleus that holds hereditary information
haploid cells that do not have pairs of chromosomes (sex cells)
sexual reproduction that requires the joining of two sex cells
diploid cells with pairs of chromosomes are this
meiosis the process that produces haploid sex cells
sperm male sex cells
DNA an organism grows and functions by following the information in this code
mitosis process cells grow and divide
zygote cell forms when an egg and a sperm join
eggs female sex cells
mutation any permanent change in a gene or chromosome
fertilization term for joining an egg and sperm

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