Term Definition Behavior Analysis 1. natural science
2. functional relations between behavior and environment
3. technological applications Behavior Everything that an organism does Skinner's definition of behavior movement of organism or its parts in a frame of reference provided by the organism or by various external objects or fields Critical attributes of behavior 1. biological phenomenon
2. involves movement
3. can only be done by living organism
4. observable
5. measurable
6. involves interaction with environment public behavior can be observed by others even though special instrumentation may be required private behavior cannot be observed by others; can only be accessible to the organism who is engaging in the private event examples of private events 1. sensed conditions
2. feelings
3. thoughts Response specific instance of behavior Response cycle beginning, middle, and end of a response examples of response cycle 1. holding breath under water
2. screaming
3. face-slapping Properties of Behavior 1. temporal locus
2. temporal extent
3. repeatability Temporal locus single response occurs in time temporal extent response occupies time repeatability response can reoccur Dimensional quantity quantifiable aspect of a property types of dimensional quantities 1. latency
2. duration
3. countability
4. IRT
5. Rate
6. celeration latency time between stimulus and response duration time between beginning and end of response cycle countability number of cycles of the response class interresponse time time between 2 successive responses rate ratio of number of responses over period of time celeration change in one of the other quantities over time (acceleration or deceleration) in rate over time topography physical nature of responses magnitude and intensity topographical properties of a response class used to define behavior function effect of response on behavior response class grouping of individual actions or responses that share commonalities included in the class definition topographical response class collection of 2 or more responses which share common form functional response class collection of 2 or more topographically different responses that have the same effect on the environment usually producing a specific class of reinforcers environment total constellation of stimuli and conditions which can affect behavior skin only an artificial boundary environmental context situation in which behavior occurs at any given time stimulus change in environment which can affect behavior physical characteristics stimuli can be classified by **1. temporal relation to responses
2. effect on behavior
3. effects on other stimuli antecedent stimulus which precedes a response consequence stimulus which follows a response stimulus class group of stimuli that share certain characteristic functional relations changes in antecedent or consequent stimulus class consistently alter a dimension of a response class critical attributes of functional relations 1. orderly relations exist between 2 classes of events
2. changes in IV result in changes in DV
3. Value of DV changes in orderly fashion
4. functional relations must be demonstrated through systematic manipulatoins

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