Flash Cards

organelle function

Term Definition
cell wall
-brick wall
-protects , shapes , and supports
-only in plant cells
cell membrane
-gate or bouncer
-regulates substances entering and exiting cells
-separates cells
-provides support
-in both animal and plant cells
nucleus
-boss
-control center
-directs cell's activities
-in both animal and plant cells
nucleus membrane
-brain
-protects the nucleus
-controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
-in both animal and plant cells
chromosomes
-cookbook
-controls instructions
-in both animal and plant cells
nucleolus
-mommy
-produce ribosomes
-in both plant and animal cells
cytoplasm
-jello
-moves and holds all the organelles
-in both animal and plant cells
chloroplast
-money cell
-captures suns energy to produce sugar (glucose)
-sight of photosynthesis
-in plant cells
mitochondrion
-nucleus power source/plant
-breaks down food into chemical energy (ATP)
-site of most energy production/power source
-in both animal and plant cells
ribosomes -synthesizes (makes) protein
-in both plant and animal cells
endoplasmic reticulum
-Collins Hill Road
-part of delivery system
-smooth ER: makes lipids; breaks down toxins
-rough ER: houses ribosomes
-in both plant and animal cells
Golgi apparatus
-Fed-x
-receives proteins & lipids
-modifies, sorts, & packages proteins and lipids from the ER
-in both plant and animal cells
vacuoles
-storage bin
-storage of water, salts, proteins, food, & waste product
-in both plant and animal cells
vesicles
-U-Haul truck
-stores & moves materials between organelles
-moves materials out of cells
-in both plant an animal cells
lysosomes
-trash can
-breaks down old/damaged organelles
-gets rid of waste
-protects from foreign invaders
-in animal cells only
cytoskeleton
-turtles
-give cells its shape
-prevents it from collapsing
-moves organelles within cytoplasm
-in both plant and animal cells
centrioles
-filing cabinet
-helps organize cell division
-in animal cells only


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