Flash Cards

Compare and contrast the different forms of energy and their characteristics.

Term Definition
Mechanical Energy The amount of work an object can do because of the object's kinetic and potential energies
Thermal Energy The kinetic energy of a substance's atoms
Heat The energy transferred between objects that are at different temperatures
Chemical Energy The energy that is stored in chemical bonds
Electrical Energy The energy that results from the flow of moving charges
Electromagnetic Energy Energy resulting from the motion of the charged particles within atoms
Sound Energy Energy given off by a vibrating object
Nuclear Energy The energy stored in the nucleus of an atom as a result of strong nuclear forces
Nuclear Fission The splitting of the nucleus of a large atom to two or more fragments; releases additional neutrons and energy
Nuclear Fussion The combination of the nuclei of small atoms to form a larger nucleus; releases energy

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