Flash Cards

Changes to Earth’s Surface

Term Definition
landform (C6) physical features on the Earth's surface
weathering (C7) the process of breaking rock into sediment
erosion (C7) the process of moving sediment from one place to another
deposition (C7) the process of dropping, or depositing, rock in a new location
mass movement (C9) downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
crust (C14) outer layer of the Earth that is made of solid rock
mantle (C14) layer of rock beneath the Earth's surface
core (C14) center layer of the Earth
plate (C15) rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle rock
magma (C16) molten rock from the Earth's mantle
volcano (C16) mountain formed by lava and ash
earthquake (C18) shaking of the ground caused by the sudden release of energy in Earth's crust
fault (C18) places where pieces of the crust move
continental drift (C22) the theory of how Earth's continents move over its surface
Pangea (C22) according to theory, this was a "supercontinent" that contained all of Earth's land about 225 million years ago
fossils (C23) remains or traces of past life found in some rock


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