Flash Cards

vocabulary words for aquatic ecosystems

Term Definition
biotic factor biological influence on organisms within an ecosystem
abiotic factor physical, or nonliving, factor that shapes an ecosystem
habitat area where an organism lives, including biotic and abiotic factors
niche full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives and the way in which an organism uses its conditions
resource any necessity of life
plankton tiny free floating organisms in the water
phytoplankton algae and other small photosynthetic organisms found near the surface of the ocean and forming part of plankton
zooplankton tiny animals that form part of plankton
wetland ecosystem in which water either covers the soil or is present at or near the surface of the soil for at lease part of the year
estuary wetland at which rivers meet the ocean
detritus particles in organic material that provides food for organisms at the base of the estuary's food web
salt marsh temperate zone estuary dominated by salt-tolerant grasses of the low tide line and by sea grasses underwater
photic zone well-lit upper layer of the oceans
aphotic zone zone with no light below the photic zone
kelp forest coastal ocean community named for its most abundent organism, kelp
coral reef diverse and productive environment named for coral animals that make its primary structure
benthos organisms that live attached to or near the ocean


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