Flash Cards

medical coding science human diseases

Question Answer
Lethal arrhythmia where there is uncoordinated contraction of the cardiac muscle of the ventricles in the heart, making them quiver rather than contract properly. Most commonly identified arrhythmia in cardiac arrest patients. Ventricular fibrillation
Common type of arrhythmia. Occurs if rapid, disorganized electrical signals cause the heart’s two upper chambers to contract very fast and irregularly. Atrial Fibrillation
Flu Influenza
bacterial skin infection caused by streptococcus pyogenes and is spread through direct contact or autoinoculation. Impetigo
Malignancy (cancer)of the lymphatic system hodgkin disease
An autosomal genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs but also the pancreas, liver, and intestine. Difficulty breathing is the most serious symptom and results from frequent lung infections. Cystic fibrosis
hereditary bleeding disorder affects boys and girls. It affects your blood’s ability to clot. Von Willebrand Disease
a form of temporary facial paralysis resulting from damage or trauma to the facial (7th crainial) nerves. Bell’s palsy
A hereditary, degenerative disorder of the cerebral cortex. It slowly diminishes the affected individual’s ability to walk, talk and reason and can lead to dementia. Huntington’s chorea Disease HD
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(ALS). Progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. When the motor neurons die, the ability of the brain to initiate and control muscle movement is lost leading to paralysis. Lou Gehrig’s Disease
A disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The first symptoms of this disorder include varying degrees of weakness or tingling sensations in the legs. Guillain-Barre syndrome
A condition in which your immune system attacks your thyroid, a small gland at the base of your neck below your Adam’s apple. Also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, often leads to an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). Hashimoto’s disease
Autoimmune disorder that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks & destroys collagen in the tiny air sacs in the lungs and the filtering units (glomeruli) of the kidneys. Symptoms are coughing up blood and SOB/ Goodpasture
A chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disorder that is characterized by fluctuating weakness of the voluntary muscle groups. Affects tissues of the nervous system. Myasthenia gravis (MG)
an autoimmune disease in which your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks your joints causing inflammation that can damage joints and organs, such as the heart. Rheumatoid Arthritis
This occurs when antibodies directed against the person’s own RBCs cause them to burst (lyse), leading to insufficient plasma concentration Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
a disorder in which the bone marrow greatly decreases or stops production of blood cells Aplastic anemia
a chronic illness caused by impaired absorption of vitamin B-12 because of a lack of intrinsic factor (IF) in gastric secretions Pernicious anemia
a collapsed lung pneumothorax
Any diseases or abnormal conditions that are caused by a defective gene on the X chromosome, one of the sex chromosomes. Sex-linked genetic disorders
a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung. This type is fast-growing and spreads very quickly. About 15% of all lung cancer cases are this type. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
sex-linked disorder in which all or part of one of the female’s X chromosomes is missing Turner Syndrome (TS) Ullrich-Turner Syndrome or Gonadal dysgenesis
an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells arising in the squamous cells, which compose most of the skin??s upper layers (the epidermis). Type of skin cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (previously known as Oat cell carcinoma)
a type of cancer that forms in mucus-secreting glands throughout the body. It can occur in many different places in the body. Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for 80 percent of lung cancers, and this is the most common type. Adenocarcinoma
a heterogeneous group of undifferentiated malignant neoplasms originating from transformed epithelial cells in the lung. comprise between 5% and 10% of all lung cancers. has a __size of the anaplastic cells Large-cell lung carcinoma (LCLC)
Necrosis extending down to the underlying facia is characteristic of a decubitus ulcer in what stage? 3
an itchy, highly contagious skin disease caused by an infestation by the itch mite, Causes intense pruitus and a rash Scabies
infestation of the scalp by head lice pediculous capitis
infection with or disease caused by a fungus. Yeast infection. candidiasis
Abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions in the deepest layer of the epidermis. It is usually caused by a combination of cumulative UV exposure and almost never spreads. It is the most frequently occurring form of all cancers (metastasizes). BCC basal cell carcinoma
a neoplasm of melanocytes or a neoplasm of the cells that develop from melanocytes. Most deadly type of skin cancer. Malignant melanoma
a disorder of the inner ear that causes spontaneous episodes of vertigo along with fluctuating hearing loss, ringing in the ear (tinnitus), and sometimes a feeling of fullness or pressure in your ear. Meniere’s disease
An irritation and swelling of the inner ear. It can cause vertigo and hearing loss it is usually caused by a virus and sometimes by bacteria. Having a cold or flu can trigger the condition. Less often, an ear infection may lead to this. Labyrinthitis
usually caused by a middle ear infection (acute otitis media). The infection may spread from the ear to the bone of the skull. The mastoid bone fills with infected materials and its honeycomb-like structure may deteriorate. Mastoiditis
a disorder caused by a lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. It leads to softening and weakening of the bones. Rickets
A rare disorder that affects the arteries. The disorder is marked by brief episodes of vasospasm reducing blood flow to the fingers and toes. Raynaud’s disease (syndrome)
a rare but serious condition that causes swelling in the liver and brain. Causes confusion, seizures and loss of consciousness Reye’s (Ryes) syndrome
an infection caused by a virus. It is usually mild with fever and a rash. German measals Rubella
regional enteritis. inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. Crohn’s disease (syndrome)
Virus that cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory illness like SARS (severe acute resp syndrom) Coronaviruses
Rocky mountain Spotted & Typhus Fevers; pathogens are transmitted by ectoparasites such as fleas, lice, mites, and ticks during feeding or by scratching crushed arthropods or infectious feces into the skin. Rickettsial
abnormal, enlarged veins in the lower part of the esophagus . They occur most often in people with serious liver diseases Esophageal varices
a gastroenterological term for an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Ascites
This disease affects the nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine. Symptoms include muscle rigidity, tremors, and changes in speech and gait. Parkinson’s disease
A condition in which inflammatory cells produce nodules called granulomas in multiple organs Sarcoidosis
autoimmune disease; one of the most common diseases of all thyroid problems. It is also the leading cause of hyperthyroidism; symptoms are increased heartbeat, muscle weakness, disturbed sleep, irritability & bulging eyes (exophthalmos). Graves’ Disease
Infection this can progress to __ Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS), which can be fatal. People become infected through contact with __-infected rodents or their urine and droppings hantavirus
A condition in which the lungs’ airways are abnormally stretched and widened. This stretching and widening is caused by mucus blockage. More and more mucus builds up in the airways, allowing bacteria to grow. This leads to infection. Bronchiectasis
whooping cough-contagious disease that causes severe, uncontrollable coughing fits. Pertussis
an occupational lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust(Black Lung Disease) Pneumoconiosis
a very contagious virus and the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children younger than age one in the U.S. RSV Respiratory Syncytial Virus
too much protien in the urine most often caused by kidney damage from diabetes Albuminuria

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