Term Definition
Digestive System -Chemically and mechanically breaks down food.
-Absorbs nutrients and eliminates sold waste
-Organs: Large Intestine, Anus, Gallbladder, small intestine, stomach, esophagus, pharynx, salivary gland.
Cardiovascular System -Transports oxygen, nutrients, blood cells, and waste throughout the body.
-Organs: Heart, Vein, capillaries, arteries
Lymphatic System -Protects the body against pathogens (virus, bacteria)
-Organs: Thymus glands, Lymph nodes, Spleen, lymphatic cells
Respiratory System -Gas exchange between carbon dioxide and oxygen between air and blood.
-organs: Nasal cavities, lungs, trachea, pharynx, larynx, diaphram
Muscular System -Body movement, some internal organs and made of muscles.
-organs: smooth muscles, cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle
Skeletal System -Protection of interior organs
-support and movement
-stores calcium
-organs: bones, cartilage, joints
Nervous system -Detects stimuli, while sending and receiving message and controls all bodily activities.
-organs: central nervous system (brain,spinal cord), peripheral nevous system
Urinary System -Removes liquid waste (water and salts and other wastes) in order to maintain homeostasis
-organs: Kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra
Endocrine System -Communication within the body by producing and sending chemical messages called hormones.
organs: thyroid gland, thymus gland, adrenal gland
Reproductive System -produces sex cells and hormones
-organs: testes, ovaries, urethra, uterus
Integumentary System -Covers surface and protects against environmental hazards, helps control body temperature.
organs: skin, hair, nails
Anterior the front part of the body; before
Posterior Back of the human body; behind
Dorsal The back, equivalent to posterior
Ventral the belly side, equivalent to to anterior on the body
Superior Above, at a higher level towards the head
Inferior Below, at lower level
Medial Towards the body longitude axis, closer to middle
Lateral Away from bodies longitudinal axis, further from middle
Proximal Towards an attached base
Distal Away from an attached base
Superficial At, near, or relatively close to the body surface
Deep Farther from the body surface
Abdomen abdominal
Acromial shoulder
antebrachium forearm
antecubitus front of the elbow
axilla armpit
brachium arm
buccal cheek
calcaneal heel of foot
carpus wrist
cephalon head
cervical neck
cranium skull
crural leg
dorsal back
facial face
femoral thigh
frontal forehead
gluteus buttock
hallux toe
lumbar loin of back
mammary breast
manus hand
mentis chin
nasal nose
olecranon back of the elbow
orbital eye
oris mouth
palmar palm
patella knee
pedal foot
pelvic pelvis
phalangeal/digits toes/fingers
plantar sole of the foot
pollex thumb
popliteal back of the knee
pubis pubic
sural calf
tarsal ankle
thoracic chest
umbilicus navel/umbilical
scapular shoulder blade
inguinal groin

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