Vitamins and Supplements

What is fluid and electrolyte balance and how is it maintained

water is the major fluid in the human body. It consists of 60% of body weight in men and 55% in women due to the fat composition in the women body.the fluid 60% is present in two types: Extracellular fluid (plasma (blood) and interstitial (space between cells). they compromise of 20% and the rest 40% is in the intracellular fluid (in the cells).Interstitial fluid and blood plasma are similar in their electrolyte make up. Na+ and Cl- being the major electrolytes. In the intracellular fluid, K+ and HPO4- are the major electrolytes.the electrolytes net positive ions and the net negative ions that are present in the extracellular fluid is the same as in the intracellular fluid.The most abundant ions are sodium and chloride in the extracellular fluid and potassium, magnesium and phosphate in the intracellular fluid.ELECTROLYTE DISTRIBUTIONElectrolyteExtracellular
meq/literIntracellular
meq/literFunctionSodium14210fluid balance, osmotic
pressurePotassium5100Neuromuscular excitability
acid-base balanceCalcium5-bones, blood clottingMagnesium2123enzymesTotal Positive ions154205Electrolyte DistributionElectrolyteExtracellular
meq/literIntracellular
meq/literFunctionChloride1052fluid balance, osmotic pressureBicarbonate248acid-base balanceProteins1655osmotic pressurePhosphate2149energy storageSulfate1-protein metabolismTotal Negative ions154205I hope your question was answered. If you need more information, i would be happy to answer.Rana Afifi, MS. Toxicology, Petra University, Jordanemail: [email protected]




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